Blepharitis can affect one or both eyes, it refers to a condition that involves inflammation of the outer skin and middle (muscle, connective tissue, and glands) portions of the eyelids. The affected eyelid will usually be red, swollen, and itchy, this condition will lead the dog to scratch or rub its face or eyelids leading to secondary inflammation of the surrounding tissues, it may result in some discharge from the eye that may be clear, mucoid, or purulent that might result to loss of pigment or hair around the eyes.
Symptoms of Blepharitis in Dogs
- Scaly, flaky skin near the eye
- Intense itching, scratching of the eye
- Watery, mucous or pus-containing eye discharge
- Edema and thickening of the eyelids
- An abraded area where the skin is torn or worn off
- Loss of hair
- Loss of skin pigmentation around the affected area
- Papule formation – a small inflamed elevation of skin without pus
- Pustule formation – a small inflamed elevation of skin with pus in it
- Concurrent conjunctivitis – inflammation of the conjunctiva of the eye
- Inflammation of the cornea causes watery painful eyes and blurred vision (keratitis)
Causes of Blepharitis in Dogs
Canine Eye Inflammation can affect your dog’s eyes due to a variety of reasons, ranging from conditions that are easy to fix to some that are very serious.
- Congenital (born with)
- Traumatic injuries such as eyelid lacerations or chemical burns
- Parasitic infections
- Viral infections (FHV-1)
- Eye diseases (conjunctivitis, keratitis, dry eye)
- Idiopathic (cause unknown)
Blepharitis in Dogs Treatment
The treatments for Canine Eye Inflammation especially Blepharitis will depend on the diagnosis, but the most common medication for this is drops or ointments to put in the dog’s eye, as well as oral medications to reduce any pain or inflammation, in more serious cases the vet might recommend surgical removal of the eyes. Your vet will recommend the use of an Elizabethan collar ( E-collar) to prevent your dog from scrubbing its eyes.
Canine Eye Inflammation is a cause of concern because it leads to loss of vision if not properly treated. Take time every day to look at your dog’s eyes carefully to look for any changes. Follow-up appointments are needed so that the veterinarian can examine the eye at regular intervals. The place where your dog stays must be safe for them for preventing further injuries, following a proper diet that your vet recommends is a must too for their immediate recovery.
See also: Anterior Uveitis in Dogs