Eye Ulcer in Dogs: Symptoms, Causes, & Treatment


Eye Ulcer in Dogs

What causes Eye Ulcer in Dogs? What should I watch out for? How can I prevent them from happening?

An eye ulcer is a painful condition when the cornea becomes irritated. This happens because of trauma, infections, allergies, or poor nutrition. If left untreated, it can become infected and leave permanent damage.

What is Eye Ulcer in Dogs?

Eye ulcers are also known as corneal abrasions. They are caused by a bacterial infection of the cornea, the clear, dome-shaped surface on the front of the eye. This common condition can cause pain in your dog’s eyes and vision loss if not treated promptly. If your dog suffers from an eye ulcer, it’s important to seek veterinary care as soon as possible. Inflammation of the cornea can be due to a variety of factors including dryness or irritation from contact with foreign objects like pollen or dust, injury, burns, trauma, or bacterial infections such as staphylococcus or streptococcus.

Symptoms of Eye Ulcer in Dogs

In dogs, eye ulcers are a common issue. They can cause serious complications and may lead to blindness if left untreated. Some of the common symptoms of eye ulcers in dogs are:

  • Pain: The eye becomes painful when pressure is applied to it.
  • Inflammation: The surface of the cornea becomes inflamed as a result of bacteria.
  • Redness: The cornea becomes red as a result of inflammation.
  • Fluid: The cornea becomes filled with fluid that may cause the surface to become cloudy.
  • Thinning of the cornea: The surface of the cornea becomes thin as a result of bacterial infection.
  • Sloughing: Fissures in the skin may form on the eye as a result of infection.
  • Discharge: Bacterial discharge may be present as a result of infection.
  • Scratching: The dog may scratch the affected eye to relieve pressure
  • Head tilt: The head may be tilted from the eye as a result of discomfort or pain.
  • Starring: The eye may be fixed on a particular point which is usually due to discomfort or pain.
  • Excessive blinking: The dog may blink excessively as a result of discomfort or pain.
  • Decreased appetite: this is might due to the pain the dog is feeling.

Causes of Eye Ulcer in Dogs

Dogs have been known to suffer from an eye ulcers. This is often due to an irritation in the cornea or conjunctiva, which can also cause a dog to be blind. The causes of these eye problems are not fully understood, but there are some risk factors that may contribute to the development of an ulcer.

  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Corneal dystrophy
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Chemical burns
  • Infection (bacterial or viral)
  • Dry eye
  • Keratitis
  • Neurological issues
  • Endocrine problems
  • Foreign body (such as sand)

What Breed of Dog is Prone to Have Eye Ulcer?

Dogs of all breeds are prone to eye ulcers, which is a condition that leads to inflammation of the surface layer of the eye. The ocular surface in dogs is very similar to human skin and can easily become inflamed due to a number of reasons.

While some breeds may be more prone than others, this does not mean that every dog with an eye ulcer will have the same symptoms. Some may have only mild redness while others may have severe pain and swelling. Some breeds are also more susceptible to certain types of eye ulcers like corneal ulcers or conjunctival hemorrhage.

The following dog breeds are seem more prone to the condition:

How are Eye Ulcers in Dogs Diagnosed?

Without specialized tests and tools, superficial corneal abrasions are typically not evident. Fluorescein and other specialized stains are used to find Eye Ulcers in Dogs. Onto the cornea is applied a drop of this dye. The color will change to green and stick to the ulcerations. While little ulcers can be made out with the help of special ophthalmic lights and filters, large ulcers are easily visible. The most typical eye examination is a fluorescein stain test, which can be the only one required if the ulcer is severe and very shallow. Prior to applying the dye or other medicine, samples for cell analysis and culture may be collected from chronic or very deep ulcers.

Treatments for Eye Ulcer in Dogs

The treatment of your dog’s eye ulcer will depend on how severe it is. To make sure that you can only get the treatment for your dog make sure to contact your vet for a proper diagnosis.

Some treatments your vet will give to your lovely pets are:

Eye drops: Eye drops can help reduce inflammation and pain from an eye ulcer. They also help to prevent further damage to the cornea and eyelid tissue by removing debris and dead cells from the surface of the eye.

Antibiotics: Antibiotics can be given to dogs with a bacterial or viral infection to help kill any bacteria or viruses causing the infection. This will also speed up healing time and reduce inflammation associated with infections like conjunctivitis or corneal ulcers.

Topical pain relievers: There are many over-the-counter topical pain relievers available for dogs including ibuprofen, cortisone cream, and meloxicam. These products will also reduce inflammation and help with pain relief.

Butler Oh
Butler Oh
Butler Oh is a long time dog lover. Dogs are always part of her family since she was young and she grows up as a loving and caring fur parent. She has been part of our team here at ohmylovelypets since 2019 and has provided a lot of great research and information about dogs.


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