As an experience fur parent, you must already hear a disease called Canine Parvovirus or simply “Parvo”. For new fur parents, Canine Parvovirus is a common disease in dogs especially puppies that can be fatal if not prevented or treated properly. In this article, you will know what is canine parvovirus? where dogs or puppies can get canine parvovirus? Canine parvovirus symptoms, Treatments of canine parvovirus?, and How to prevent canine parvovirus?.
It is very it is important for anyone especially you like as fur parents to be aware of this topic. You have to know how to prevent your lovely pets from getting parvo, or its symptoms and what to do about it.
What is Canine Parvovirus?
Canine parvovirus or simply called Parvo is a highly contagious virus that affects the dog’s gastrointestinal tracts. The virus prefers to infect the small intestine, where it destroys cells, impairs absorption, and disrupts the gut barrier. Parvo in puppies also affects the bone marrow and lymphopoietic tissues, and in some cases can also affect the heart. Source: Merck Veterinary Manual
Where Dogs or Puppies Can Get Canine Parvovirus?
Canine parvovirus or parvo is a highly contagious virus that can be spread through direct and indirect contact with an infected dog. All dogs can be affected by the virus but the most at risk are the puppies age younger than 4 months.
Your dog can be exposed to the parvovirus every time he sniffs, licks, or consumes the feces of an infected dog.
Canine parvovirus is not airborne however it can survive in the variety of objects.
Your dog can be exposed to the parvovirus when a person who has recently been exposed to an infected dog touches your dog or puppy, or when a puppy encounters a contaminated object, like a food or water bowl, collars and leashes, and the hands and clothing of people who handle infected dogs.
The following are some dog breeds with higher risk of getting parvo:
- German Shepherds
- Doberman Pincher
- Labrador Retriever
- English Springer Spaniel
- American Staffordshire Terrier
Symptoms of Canine Parvovirus
The canine parvovirus is a very common disease in dogs especially in puppies, the sooner you catch the early signs of the virus the sooner you can get him to the vet. The following are symptoms of parvo in the puppies:
The symptoms above can be indicate your dog has parvovirus or other health problem so contact your vet immediately when your lovely pets show any of that.
Note: Since parvo is common in young puppies, you should call your vet any time your puppy is feeling under the weather.
Treatments of Canine Parvovirus?
Up to today, there is no cure for parvo. Based on clinical signs and through blood work after your lovely pet’s diagnosed with parvo your vet will offer your dog or puppy supportive care over the course of the illness, treating symptoms such as vomiting, diarrhea, and dehydration, and making sure that your puppy gets adequate nutrition.
Your vet may put your puppy on an antibiotic medication to combat these bacterial infections and will monitor your puppy carefully for additional complications.
Depending on your pet’s condition your vet will provide you a plan on how to combat this disease. Talk to your vet for specific advice.
How to Prevent Canine Parvovirus?
Canine parvovirus has no cure but it is preventable meaning you can prevent your lovely pets especially dogs from getting this deadly virus. The following are the preventive measure you should do to protect your lovely dogs:
- Start to vaccinate your puppy at the age of 6, 8, and 12 weeks old.
- Note: Puppies will depend on the mother’s antibodies for the first few weeks of life.
- Avoid socializing with other dogs outside until fully vaccinated.
- Never go to the dog parks and other public places.
- Always update your dog’s vaccination.
Talk to your vet about when is the right time for your puppy’s vaccination. Check our article about “Complete Guide for Your Dogs Vaccination”.