One of the most common diseases in dogs is periodontal disease it is an inflammation of some or all of a tooth’s deep supporting structures, it happens when food and bacteria build up along the gums and form plaque that when combined with saliva and minerals will transform into calculus or also known as tartar. Calculus will cause gum irritation and leads to an inflammatory condition called gingivitis that is considered to be an early stage of periodontal disease. Over 80 percent of dogs show early stages of gum disease by the time they’re three years old but it is more common in older animals like dogs and cats.
The calculus or tartar will cause gum irritation and leads to an inflammatory condition called gingivitis it shown by a reddening of the gums directly bordering the teeth. When the tartar builds up under the gum and separates it from the teeth it is a chance for the bacteria to grow that will lead to irreversible periodontal disease. This usually leads to bone loss, tissue destruction and pus formation in the cavities between the gum and teeth.
Symptoms of Periodontal Disease In Dogs
Periodontal Disease In Dogs isn’t noticeable until gum disease progresses to a more advanced stage. It is very important to regularly inspect your dog’s mouth for anything out of the ordinary. Generally, Periodontal disease begins with the inflammation of one tooth, which may progress if not treated during different stages of the condition.
Stage 1: Dogs show signs of gingivitis, though teeth don’t separate from the gums during this stage.
Stage 2: It is characterized by 25% of the attachment between the affected teeth and gums will be lost.
Stage 3: It is characterized by growth from 25% to 30% of attachment between the affected teeth and gums will be lost.
Stage 4: It is the advanced periodontal disease, more than 50% of the attachment between the gums and teeth is lost, the gum tissue recedes, and the roots of the teeth may be exposed.
Below are the common signs of gum disease that may lead to advanced periodontal disease if not treated properly:
- Loss of appetite
- Difficulty eating
- Excessive drooling
- Bad breath
- Signs of irritation in the mouth
- Loose teeth or, at advanced stages, teeth falling out
- Bleeding or red gums (or signs of blood on chew toys or in food and water bowls)
Causes of Periodontal Disease In Dogs
There is a variety of factors that will cause Periodontal disease in dogs, the gum disease that can lead to the more advanced Periodontal disease in dogs is a buildup of bacteria and food, which eventually becomes the plaque that will eventually become calculus or also known as tartar.
Toy breeds dog with crowded teeth, and dogs that groom themselves, carry a higher risk of acquiring the Periodontal disease. In addition, poor nutrition will also contribute to the onset of the condition. Most cases of severe gum disease appear in older dogs. Dogs with compromised immune systems are more open to infection and less able to fight off bacteria, as well.
Oral hygiene plays a major factor. If you neglect your dog’s oral health, you can expect gum disease to develop at some point.
Treatment For Periodontal Disease In Dogs
The treatments of Periodontal Disease In Dogs depend on how advanced the disease is. For stage 1, the treatment will be focused on controlling plaque and preventing attachment loss, this will be achieved through daily brushing using dog toothpaste, professional cleaning, polishing, and the prescribed application of fluoride.
For stage 2 to 3, the treatment involves the cleansing of the space between the gums and teeth and the application of antibiotic gel to rejuvenate periodontal tissues and decrease the size of the space.
In more serious and advanced stages, the bone replacement procedures, periodontal splinting, and guided tissue regeneration may become necessary.
Proper oral hygiene will prevent the Periodontal Disease In Dogs to occur, but for those who already suffered from this disease follow-up treatment with good dental care and weekly, quarterly, or half-yearly check-up will prevent them to occur again.
The best way to prevent Periodontal Disease to occur is to maintain good oral hygiene and a regular brush and clean the dog’s mouth and gums.
A healthy teeth lead also to a healthy life of your lovely pets, be a responsible owner and maintain a good habit of cleaning your dogs teeth and gum. Share to us your experience in cleaning your lovely pet teeth, is it easy or a little bit of challenging?