Pneumonia In Dogs
What is Pneumonia In Dogs?
Pneumonia in dogs is a condition that affects their respiratory system, it includes the lungs and airways that allow dogs to breathe.
There are two types of Pneumonia, Bacterial pneumonia and Aspiration pneumonia. Bacterial pneumonia refers to inflammation in the lungs caused by a bacterial infection, this inflammation is characterized by an accumulation of inflammatory cells and fluid in the lungs, airways, and alveoli, it is relatively common in dogs while the Aspiration pneumonia refers to inflammation caused by inhaling foreign substances, including vomit and regurgitated food or fluid.
Pneumonia In Dogs usually disappears with proper treatment, but if it’s not treated, it can lead to serious complications in dogs, including Hypoxemia which refers to severely low levels of oxygen in the blood and Sepsis which refers to a systemic infection with the presence of toxic, pus-forming bacteria in the dog’s bloodstream.
Symptoms Of Pneumonia In Dogs
Pneumonia In Dogs affects the respiratory system, it includes the lungs, throat, nose, sinuses, or airways that allow dogs to breathe.
Symptoms of Bacterial pneumonia:
- Runny nose
- Irregular breathing
- Difficulty in exercising
- Difficult in breathing
- Weight loss or anorexia
- Nasal whistling or wheezing
Symptoms of Aspiration pneumonia:
- Breathing difficulties,
- Swallowing difficulties,
- Runny nose
- A bluish tinge to the skin (cyanosis)
- Difficulty in exercising
- An altered mood
- Loss of appetite
Causes Of Pneumonia In Dogs
Causes of Bacterial pneumonia
Most of Pneumonia In Dogs are caused by bacteria and the most common bacteria are:
- Bordetella bronchiseptica
- E. coli
- Klebsiella pneumonia
- Pasteurella multocida
- Pseudomonas aeruginosa
- Streptococcus zooepidemicus
Most of these bacteria are not highly contagious except to bordetella bronchiseptica that highly contagious, especially to dogs.
Causes of Aspiration pneumonia
- Abnormalities in the pharynx
- Neuromuscular disorders
- Enlargement of the lower esophagus due to regurgitation
There are many other causes of pneumonia in dogs, it might include injury to the respiratory system, irritants (include inhaled toxins like secondhand smoke or environmental pollutants), or other sources of infection.
Pneumonia In Dogs Treatments
The treatment will depend on the cause of Pneumonia In Dogs, if it is Bacterial pneumonia the Veterinarians will give a proper antimicrobial that can be selected based on results of bacterial cultures. If multiple symptoms occur, such as anorexia, high fever, and weight loss, your dog will be actively treated in the hospital to start. If it is Aspiration pneumonia suction of the airways can be performed immediately after inhalation of foreign matter. If the dog is showing signs of respiratory distress, it will be required to use oxygen as part of a stabilizing treatment. If the signs of dehydration or shock are present, or if intake of oral fluids has been prohibited, an intravenous drip may be inserted. Until the primary problem has been diagnosed, oral intake should be withheld, especially in acute cases of aspiration pneumonia.
During or after the treatment, your dog should be given enough rest, a quiet place away from other dogs or children is recommended. makes sure to supervise your dog throughout the medication be attentive to their needs. Remember a dog with pneumonia should not be left lying on its side in an inactive state for more than two hours to avoid the risk of fluid accumulation in one spot.
After the treatment, your dogs need to come back to their regular routine on a slow basis to avoid any complications. You should feed your dog a diet in high protein and energy density, your vet will monitor your dog’s progress with blood tests, and if needed, X-rays of the chest and lung cavity. Any prescribed antimicrobial medications should be administered regularly, as prescribed by your veterinarian.
To prevent the occurring of this health problem, ensure that your dog will receive regular vaccinations for the prevention of infections that will results in Bacterial pneumonia, make sure to always clean the surrounding of your dogs especially the place where they stay most of the time.